File History [Windows 10]
Windows 10 File History is a simple way to back up all your personal files and folders. It’s an automatic file and folder backup that comes with Windows 10.
File History backs up all your personal files and folders to an external hard drive, and lets you selectively restore previous versions of personal files when needed. Because it requires a second hard drive (either internal or external) File History is not turned on by default. That means you have to turn it on to use it. AND REMEMBER … to use File History, you MUST have a second internal hard drive or an external hard drive.
First things first. Let’s turn on File History:
First: Connect your external drive.
Use the shortcut “Windows Key + i ” to open Settings, or click on the start button, click Settings (icon), then Update & Security. In Update & Security, click on “Backup” in the left pane.
Now slide the on/off switch to “On”. If your external drive or second hard drive is recognized it will appear in the dialog; you will have to click it to select it.
If you have more than one external drive or other internal hard drives and the drive you want to use is is not selected, you can change drives by clicking the “Select a drive” link.
Now File History will backup and update your personal files automatically — you won’t have to give it a second thought. In the File History dialog, you also can restore files by clicking “Restore personal files”.
If you want more control over your file & folder “File History” back up, you add or remove folders to/from your back up, change the backup frequency and/or make other modifications to File History, click on “More options” (see File History Dialog screen shot above).
When you click on More Options, you’ll see this:
File History is a backup feature in Windows 10 that continuously protects your personal files stored in C:\Users\Your Username. It periodically (by default every hour) scans your files for changes and then copies changed files to the selected location. Every time any of your personal files has changed, a copy will be stored on your external drive. As time goes by, File History builds a complete history of changes made to any personal file.
Why File History? We all know that we should back up our computers, but less than 10% of us do. We wish we had a dollar for every email we have from someone saying “my computer crashed and I lost everything….”
File History makes protecting your data extremely easy — and automatic. And it’s on every Windows 10 PC.
You don’t need any special computer skills to use beyond turning it on in the File History dialog.
Warning: File History is very touchy. It works best if you leave your external drive plugged in most of the time. If you’re one of those who keeps your external drive unplugged most of the time or much of the time, File History may not be for you. It works great for those who keep their external drive plugged in most of the time.
Windows 10 keeps getting more and more forgiving. If things start going badly and you want to reinstall Windows (or even clean install Windows), you can do it easily using Windows 10 System Reset (saves all your files and folders, installs Windows) or Windows 10 Fresh Start (available in Creators Update & newer versions of Windows 10). Fresh Start differs from System Reset in that it saves all your personal files and folders and clean installs a copy of Windows 10 without all the manufacturer’s bloatware.
Reminder: If you’re going to use File History, don’t keep unplugging and plugging in your external hard drive as if it were a USB flash drive! Leave it plugged in and running. Not only will the life of your external drive, (unplugging it and plugging it back shortens its life), File History backup is more likely to work correctly.
You don’t want to see this warning, do you?
Windows was unable to complete the user-assigned task because the selected media was not accessible. Please make sure the selected media is accessible. Try again? Cancel?
Windows is too politically correct to say: Look, you big dummy, how in the heck can we back up your important files and folders when you keep unplugging the darn external hard drive you told us you wanted to use to keep you backups? THIMK!
Take it from Uncle TC and Auntie EB – turn on File History and forget about it. And do not keep unplugging those external drives, we tells ya!